Arbutus fruit is a tasty fruits especially used into the composition of some cakes. If you go to the northern Morocco or Algeria in November, lot of little kids will try to sell arbutus on roadside. You can grow this tree at home, you can buy fruit trees online from small to mature tree.
Generally this fruit species is considered a sensitive to light heat.
The strawberry tree is a tree of 5-15 meters high. Its bark is brownish gray at the bottom and becomes reddish at the top. Its leaves toothed edge to ten centimeters long is persistent oval, alternate, shiny dark green above, pale green below. They are rich in tannins.
The flowers are greenish-white, like white bells hang in clusters and appear in September-October, along with the fruit.
The orange-red mature fruit is a bay fleshy, spherical, with rough skin covered with small conical points. However, it should not be confused with the Chinese strawberry very similar but has a nucleus. It is an edible fruit without strong flavor, which is ripe in winter. It is rich in vitamin C. The flesh is soft, a little mealy, tart and sweet, and it contains many small seeds. It is not uncommon to see the same branch wear the flowers of the year and the ripe fruit flowers born in the previous year.
The arbutus or strawberry fruit is present throughout the western Mediterranean, almost exclusively on siliceous soils, sometimes on non-active limestone. He is the companion of the cork oak in acidic soil.
On the South-East of France, it is found abundantly in some parts of Orientals. In the Southwest, it is widespread along the coast on sandy soils between Bordeaux and the ocean, and back north to the Atlantic shore.
Arbutus is a fairly hardy species and its range rises along the Atlantic coast until Britain and even in Southern Ireland, where he finds a soil and a temperate climate (rare frosts).
The red brown bark is diuretic. Its root is used against the hypertension. He is credited with anti-inflammatory properties; it is also effective against rheumatism. The leaves bark and fruit are considered astringent and effective in stopping diarrhea.
The fruit can be eaten raw, be used for making jams and pastries, or fermented to produce an alcoholic beverage. It has a very mild toxicity: eaten raw in large quantities, it can induce mild colic and vomiting.
The leaves are harvested in the fall, the wood and the root can be at the same time or in the spring.